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Before the end of the 15th century, Ayutthaya Kingdom was the new great power in the region.Europeans contact began with a Portuguese diplomatic mission to Ayutthaya in 1511.The country has always been called Mueang Thai by its citizens.By outsiders prior to 1949, it was usually known by the exonym Siam (Thai: with the Sanskrit Śyāma (श्याम, meaning "dark" or "brown").Even though constitutional monarchy and parliamentary democracy form of government was established in 1932, the most recent coup d'état in 2014 made Thailand currently a de facto military dictatorship.Tai peoples migrated from southwestern China to mainland Southeast Asia since the 11th century.
The Thai National Anthem (Thai: ), written by Luang Saranupraphan during the extremely patriotic 1930s, refers to the Thai nation as: prathet Thai (Thai: ประเทศไทย).
Popular uprising in 1973 was a result of internal conflict Thailand and leads to a brief period of parliamentary democracy which ended in 1976.
Thailand is still considered a "partial democracy" for many decades.
The first line of the national anthem is: prathet thai ruam lueat nuea chat chuea thai (Thai: Tai people settled along river valleys, where they formed small settlements and engaged in subsistence rice agriculture.
Women could have high social status and inherit property.
Thailand was renamed to Siam from 1946 to 1948, after which it again reverted to Thailand.